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銆婁激閫濄嬬殑鐙櫧鍜岃嚜鐢遍棿鎺ュ紩璇斺斾粠鍙欒堪瀛﹀拰椋庢牸瀛﹁搴︿綔涓鎺㈣_缁忓吀缁嗚_鏀偣鏂囧缃
鏀偣锛屾挰璧烽潚鏄ャ佹縺鎯呭拰姊︽兂 鐢ㄦ埛娉ㄥ唽 | 鐢ㄦ埛鐧诲綍 | 璁句负涓婚〉 2017骞11鏈24鏃  
 

銆婁激閫濄嬬殑鐙櫧鍜岃嚜鐢遍棿鎺ュ紩璇斺斾粠鍙欒堪瀛﹀拰椋庢牸瀛﹁搴︿綔涓鎺㈣

2012-01-15 10:42 鏉ユ簮锛 浣滆咃細锛堟棩锛 涓噷瑙 鏁 闃呰锛7287

    鍐呭鎻愯  鏈枃浠ャ婁激閫濄嬩负涓績鐨勯瞾杩呬竴绯诲垪浣滃搧鏂囨湰涓哄璞★紝浠庤〃鐜板舰寮忓拰璇█鏈韩鐨勭壒鐐规潵鎺㈣椴佽繀鐨勬枃瀛﹀垱浣滐紝璁や负涓浗鐜颁唬灏忚鐨勮癁鐢燂紝骞朵笉浠呮槸婧愪簬椴佽繀鐨勬濇兂鍜岀簿绁烇紝鍦ㄧ浉褰撶▼搴︿笂娴峰簲褰掑姛浜庨瞾杩呭鏂囨湰褰㈠紡鐨勫交搴曢潻鏂般傚椴佽繀浣滃搧鐨勫垎鏋愬拰璇勪环锛屼篃鍙互浠庝竴涓晶闈㈣璇嗕腑鍥界幇浠f枃瀛﹀垱浣滅殑闈㈣矊銆

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銆銆 涓嶈鍦ㄤ腑鍥借繕鏄湪鏃ユ湰锛屻婁激閫濄嬪湪椴佽繀灏忚涓彲绠楁槸浜夎杈冨ぇ鐨勪竴绡囦綔鍝併傚浣曡В閲婂拰璇勪环杩欓儴浣滃搧鍦ㄥ鑰呬腑瀛樺湪鐫鐩稿綋澶х殑鍒嗘銆
銆銆 鏃ユ湰杩戝崄骞存潵瀵广婁激閫濄嬬殑鐮旂┒锛屼互涓夊疂鏀跨編鐨勮鏂囦负璧风偣(1)銆備笁瀹濇斂缇庡皢浣滆呯殑浼犺浜嬪疄鍋氫负瑙i噴浣滃搧鐨勫熀鏈牴鎹傚姝わ紝涓稿北鏄囧拰鍖楀唸姝e瓙閲囩敤浜嗕笉鍚岀殑鏂规硶銆備粬浠鐢ㄦ椂浠h儗鏅拰浣滆呬紶璁版潵瑙i噴浣滃搧鐨勭爺绌舵柟娉曟彁鍑轰簡鐤戦棶锛屽苟渚濋潬鏂囨湰鏈韩瀵广婁激閫濄嬭繘琛屼簡缁嗚嚧鐨勫垎鏋(2)銆傚叾鍚庝腑浜曟斂鍠滄洿鍔犺缁嗗湴鎺㈣浜嗘椂浠h儗鏅(3)銆傝繎骞存潵锛屽勾杞荤殑瀛﹁呮竻姘磋搐涓閮庡彂鐜颁簡鍛ㄤ綔浜洪涓恒婁激閫濄嬬殑浣氭枃锛岄噸鏂板己璋冧簡鐮旇浼犺浜嬪疄鐨勯噸瑕佹(4)銆傚綋鐒讹紝杩欎簺鏃ユ湰瀛﹁呯殑鐮旂┒鍦ㄧ浉褰撶▼搴︿笂鍙傝冧簡涓浗瀛﹁呯殑鐮旂┒鎴愭灉銆
銆銆 鎬荤粨鐮旂┒鍙诧紝鎴戜滑澶ц嚧鍙寚鍑轰袱涓惧悜锛氱涓鏄妸浣滃搧鍐呭涓庝綔瀹朵紶璁扮瓑浣滃搧鐨勫鍥存儏鍐佃仈绯昏捣鏉ヨ繘琛岃В閲婄殑鐜拌薄锛涚浜屾槸鎶婂唴瀹逛綔涓轰綔鍝佹湰韬殑鍐呭湪闂杩涜鍒嗘瀽鐨勭幇璞°備絾鍗充娇鏄悗鑰呯殑鐮旂┒绔嬪満濡備父灞卞拰鍖楀唸绛夛紝闄や簡鎸囧嚭鍙欒堪鐨勯敊缁煎鏉傜瓑閲嶈浜嬪疄浠ュ(5)锛屼技涔庝篃鍙潃鐪间簬鏁呬簨鍐呭鐨勫垎鏋愶紝鑰屽拷鐣ヤ簡鏂囨湰鐨勫舰寮忓強璇█鏈韩銆傚湪姝わ紝鎴戜滑鍙互鎷熷畾绗笁涓珛鍦猴紝鍗冲皢鏂囨湰浣滀负涓昏鐮旂┒瀵硅薄锛岀潃閲嶆帰璁ㄦ晠浜嬫槸濡備綍琚彊杩扮殑銆
銆銆 绾佃涓浗鏂囧锛岄瞾杩呯殑鏂囨湰褰㈠紡涓庝粬浠ュ墠鐨勫皬璇村舰寮忔槑鏄句笉鍚(6)銆傛垜璁や负涓浗鐜颁唬灏忚鐨勮癁鐢熷苟涓嶅崟鍗曟槸婧愪簬椴佽繀杩欎綅浣滃鐨勬濇兂鍜岀簿绁烇紝鍦ㄧ浉褰撶▼搴︿笂搴斿綊鍔熶簬椴佽繀瀵规枃鏈舰寮忕殑褰诲簳闈╂柊銆傛湰鏂囧皢浠庝笂杩拌鐐规帰璁ㄤ互銆婁激閫濄嬩负涓績鐨勯瞾杩呯殑涓绯诲垪鏂囨湰锛岄氳繃瀵瑰彊杩拌“鎴”鎵鍙欒堪鐨勪綔鍝佺殑鍒嗘瀽锛岄槓鏄庨瞾杩呬互鍙婁腑鍥界幇浠f枃瀛︾殑涓涓晶闈€ 

涓銆佹枃鏈腑涓や釜绯诲垪鐨勬椂闂
銆銆 棣栧厛鎴戜滑鍦ㄦ纭涓涓嬪彊杩板鐨勫熀鏈蹇靛拰鍒嗘瀽鏂规硶銆傚彊杩拌呰杩拌繃鍘荤殑浜嬫儏鏃讹紝鏂囨湰涓瓨鍦ㄤ袱涓郴鍒楃殑鏃堕棿锛氫竴涓槸鍙欒堪鑰呯幇鍦ㄨ杩版晠浜嬬殑鏃堕棿锛嶏紞鐑鐗笹érard Genette绉颁箣涓“鍙欒堪”narration锛涘彟涓涓垯鏄鍙欒堪鑰呰杩扮殑鏁呬簨鍐呯殑鏃堕棿锛屼篃灏辨槸浣滃搧涓汉鐗╂墍灞炵殑杩囧幓锛嶏紞鐑鐗硅皳涔“鏁呬簨”histoire(7)銆傘銆

鐑鐗瑰彊杩板涓殑鍙欒堪锛忔晠浜嬩箣鍒嗕笌娉曞浗璇█瀛﹀閭︾淮灏兼柉鐗émile Benveniste鎸囧嚭鐨勮瑷鐨勪袱涓眰娆″嵆鍙欒堪鏂嘾iscours锛忓巻鍙叉枃histoire涔嬪垎鐩稿搴斻傞偊缁村凹鏂壒璁や负锛屽巻鍙叉枃“琛ㄧず鍦ㄦ煇涓鏃堕棿鍙戠敓杩囩殑浜嬪疄”锛岃屽彊杩版枃鏄“鎷熷畾璇磋瘽鑰呭拰鍙楄瘽鑰呭悓鏃跺瓨鍦紝骞惰璇濊呮湁鐢ㄦ煇绉嶆柟寮忕粰鍙楄瘽鑰呮柦鍔犲奖鍝嶄箣鎰忓浘鐨勮█璇涓”(8)銆傛澶栵紝寰峰浗瀛﹁呯淮鍥犻噷甯孒arald Weinrich涔熺敤涓嶅悓鏈闃愭槑浜嗗悓涓鐜拌薄(9)銆備笉璁烘槸閭︾淮灏兼柉鐗硅繕鏄淮鍥犻噷甯岋紝浠栦滑瀵硅瑷鍏锋湁涓嶅悓鐨勪袱涓眰娆′箣鐙埌鍒嗘瀽锛屼娇浠ュ墠涓鐩磋娣蜂负涓璋堢殑鍙欒堪鏂囷紡鍘嗗彶鏂囩殑姒傚康寰椾互婢勬竻銆
銆銆 鐑鐗瑰湪绗﹀彿瀛﹁兘鎸噑ignifiant锛忔墍鎸噑ignifié 涔嬪垎鐨勫熀纭涓婏紝鍙堥噰鐢ㄥ彊杩版枃锛忓巻鍙叉枃鐨勬蹇碉紝鎶婃晠浜嬪垎鏋愭垚涓変釜灞傛锛氬彊浜媟é

 
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